However, in practice, the risk of fuel supply is lower and is generally reduced by the introduction of an FSA. In addition, fuel sellers are often forced to accept a fuel price indexation related to the actual selling price of electricity in regulated markets. A takeover agreement is generally defined as a contractual agreement by which a third party agrees to acquire all or part of the project and, as a rule, long-term. It is therefore clear that party-taking agreements are of the utmost importance to the structure of a project financing operation. Cash is the king of project financing, and offline agreements are the instruments under which cash flow is generated by the project company. However, on the basis of such a definition, it is clear that there may be projects without offline agreements and we will attempt to describe such cases at the end of this section. A new form of PPP has recently been proposed to commercialize electric vehicle charging stations through a bilateral form of electricity purchase contract. French contracts for the purchase of standard electricity (Indicative models of electricity obligation contracts) for small installations and renewable energy sources, under the 2000 Act (Law 2000-108 of February 10, 2000) and the corresponding decree law (decree 2000-877 of September 7, 2000) and the 2001 decree (Decret-Nr.2001-410 of 10 May 2001), whose grid and distributors must source electricity from small generators and wind power – Arré du 8 June 2001 setting the conditions for the purchase of electricity generated by facilities using wind mechanical energy as referred to in Article 2 (2o) of Decree No. 2000-1196 of 6 December 2000. For future AAEs, a basic PPP base has been developed between the Bonneville Power Administration and a wind power generation unit.
 Solar PPAs is now being successfully used in the California Solar Initiative`s Multifamily Affordable Solar Housing (MASH) program.  This aspect of the success of the CSI program has only recently been opened up to applications. PPAs began under the Private Distribution Companies Regulatory Policy Act of 1978 (PURPA), which encouraged the construction of cogeneration facilities whose electricity could be sold to regulated energy suppliers. Bouetti, Caselli and Gatti (2009) present the design of the PPA used in the Quezon Power Case. Quezon Power was the first 440 MW power plant in the Philippines to be built in the mid-1990s, without recourse to guarantees from the national government or supranational institutions to access the financing needed for construction.