Hundreds of Juba officials involved in the peace process were evicted from hotels in February for more than $50 million in unpaid bills. Meanwhile, the training centres of the new army promised under the agreements have suffered from severe shortages of food, medicine and uniforms. On the eve of its first anniversary, South Sudan`s unity government is in trouble, as the country`s fragile peace process is in doubt and old rivalries threaten to return to war again. Many South Sudanese, who spoke with the TNH during a visit to the country in December, have questioned the political will for peace, amid fears that disillusionment within the Machar camp in the face of slow progress will soon fuel new outbreaks of violence. The international community believes that peace is the opposite of war and that all its efforts must be made to support the peace process. This assumption is false. As I show in a report with the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa der LSE, The Politics of Numbers, this violence is not despite the existence of the peace process, but because of it. Let me explain. “It`s really hard to say whether there is peace or not,” said Bongan Allan, 45, whose five children were abducted in an outbreak of violence in February 2020. “We only stay here because people take our livestock and our children starve.” A peace agreement was signed on 12 September 2018 and a unity government was formed in February 2020. However, some opposition groups refused to end the ceasefire and continued fighting. “No matter where people live or who they are, all South Sudanese hope for peace and prosperity,” he added.
“We are witnessing a return to business as usual,” where progress on the peace agreement itself is dragging on. Sudan`s interim government and several rebel groups have signed a peace agreement aimed at resolving years of wars that have left hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced in different parts of the country. At least 48 people have been killed and many others injured in ethnic violence in Darfur. The violence comes less than a week after a peace deal between the government and rebel groups in the troubled region. Sudan`s interim government has signed a much-anticipated peace agreement with a coalition of armed groups. The deal raises hopes of ending decades of civil war – but not all rebel groups are on board. Shearer said the coronavirus outbreak had slowed down the implementation of the peace agreement, “but the pandemic is not the only one to blame.” But nearly a year after President Salva Kiir formed a unity government with opposition leader Riek Machar – now vice-president – important parts of the agreement have not been implemented amid deep-rooted mistrust between the two men of funding constraints and new fighting that claimed the lives of thousands of people in 2020.